The Second Education Commission (1964-66) under the chairmanship of Dr. D. S. Kothari, recommended for the establishment of agricultural polytechnics to provide vocational education in agriculture to school dropouts and other rural youths. After careful deliberation by the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Agriculture and the Planning Commission, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) appointed a committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. Mohan Sinha Mehta, founder of Vidya Bhawan, Udaipur in 1973 for formulating the institutional design of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (Farm Science Centre) for providing vocational training in agriculture.

First Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) was established by Indian Council of Agricultural Research in 1974 in Pondicherry.

The Vidya Bhawan Krishi Vigyan Kendra (VBKVK) was established in 1984 by signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Vidya Bhawan Society (VBS) and Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).

Mandate of KVK

  • To conduct On-Farm Testing (OFT) for identifying technologies in terms of location specific sustainable land use systems.
  • To organize training to update the Extension Personnel with emerging advances in agricultural research on regular basis.
  • To organize short and long term vocational training courses in agriculture and allied vocations for the farmers and rural youths with emphasis on “learning by doing” for higher production on farms and generating self-employment.
  • To organize front-line demonstrations on various crops to generate production data and feedback information.
  • Extension programmes to create awareness about improved technologies among farmers.

Thrust Area

  • To increase the productivity of Maize, Black Gram, Groundnut, Wheat, Mustard and Soybean through adoption of improved production technology.
  • Popularization and establishment of fruit orchards and vegetable cultivation.
  • Use of improved farm implements to reduce the cost of cultivation.
  • Popularization of non-conventional / renewable energy sources.
  • Enhancement of livestock productivity through up-gradation of local germplasm, balanced and low cost nutrition and better management practices with emphasis on small ruminants.
  • Upliftment of socio-economic status of women by introducing income generating activities.

Objectives of KVK

  • To demonstrate the latest technologies in agriculture and allied subjects with a view to reduce time lag between technology generation and adoption.
  • To test and verify the technology in socio-economic conditions of the farmers with a view to study production constraints and to modify the technologies to make them appropriate.
  • To impart training to the practicing farmers and rural youth by the methods of Teaching by Doing and Learning by Doing.
  • To get first hand scientific feedback from the fields and passing it to the research system in order to keep the scientist abreast with the performance of the technologies and the farming problems, so that they re-orient their research, education and training.
  • To provide training and communication support to the district level development agencies like agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, fisheries and NGOs in their extension programmes.
  • To develop extension models to be adopted by general extension system for large scale multiplications.

Basic Principles of KVKs

Dr.M.S. Mehta Committee (1973)
The basic principles enunciated by the Dr. Mohan Sinha Mehta Committee (1973) include:
  • The Kendra will impart learning through work-experience and hence will be concerned with technical literacy, the acquisition of which does not necessarily require the ability to read and write.
  • The Kendra will impart training only to those extension workers who are employed and to the practicing farmers and fishermen. In other words, the Kendra will cater to the needs of those who are already employed or those who wish to be self-employed.
  • There will be no uniform syllabus for the Kendras. The syllabus and programme of each Kendra will be flexible in nature and tailored according to the felt needs, natural resources and potential for agricultural growth in that particular area.
  • Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) were thus established mainly to impart vocational training to the farmers and field level extension workers.