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Infrastructure
Demonstration Units
VBKVK has a range of demonstration units, which give villagers a first-hand experience of the innovations and trends in agriculture and allied areas. Some of the demonstration units are as follows:
  • Agricultural Farm (17 ha.)
  • Water harvesting pond (4000 cu.m. capacity)
  • Orchard (7.5 ha.)
  • Dairy Farm (100 cows capacity)
  • Goat Breeding Farm (20 goat capacity)
  • Hi-tech Nursery (2500 sq. meters)
  • Vermi-compost
  • Bio-Gas (Power generated 25 Cu.m.)
  • Organic Vegetables with Drip Irrigation (4000 sq.m.)

Bio-gas units are maintained and made good use at VBKVK; especially to provide fuel and electricity to the dairy workers. It also acts as a practical demonstration for the farmer's community. VBKVK also renders technical support in the construction of bio-gas plant to farmers.

At the start of the unit, two small bio-gas plants were established for the dairy workers. Both the units are running even after 25 years. All dairy workers (who are about 15 including their family members) have not spent even a single penny on firewood, kerosene or LPG during this period. In addition, a bio-gas plant of 25 cubic meter capacity was constructed, which has been helpful in operating milking machine and water lifting machines. Trainees and visitors have been motivated by the success of these plants.

The dairy demonstration unit in VBKVK was established in 1984 with the financial assistance of Rs.25,000/- provided by ICAR, New Delhi. The unit was started with the purchase of five cross bred cows. Interestingly, no other financial help has been provided by ICAR, which is a good example of self- sufficiency of the demonstration unit.

Presently, there are one hundred plus milking crows of cross breed and indigenous breeds. Various need based training programmes are conducted and trainees acquire practical knowledge through learning by doing. At the start of the unit, two small bio-gas plants were established for the dairy workers. Both the units are running even after 25 years. All dairy workers (who are about 15 including their family members) have not spent even a single penny on firewood, kerosene or LPG during this period. Trainees and visitors have been motivated by the success of these plants. In addition, a bio-gas plant of 25 cubic meter capacity was constructed, which has been helpful in operating milking machine and water lifting machines.

From a small shed area for five cows, VBKVK today we has a pakka shed for 100 cows, separate shed for milking calves, heifers shed for 1-2 year age group and 2-3 year age group and a separate shed for pregnant cows. In addition, 300 tonnes capacity fodder godown and concentrate godown have been constructed.

Hence, the self-sustained unit has been a good example for the farmers in general and of Udaipur district in particular.
Recently, an Infertility Clinic has been established at the unit with the technical support of Animal Husbandry Department, Govt. of Rajasthan. The success rate, so far, has been between 45% to 55%.

VBKVK also produces mineral mixture in the name of 'Kamdhenu' for dairy animals. It is helpful in general growth and increase in milk production and reproductivity of the animals.

Goattry
VBKVK maintains Sirohi bred goats at its farm and promotes for up-gradation of indigenous breeds of goats and cross breeding goats with better performing breeds. The kids are supplied to the farmers after they are made to undergo training on scientific goat rearing and management at the centre.

VBKVK has 20 hectares of land developed with fruit crops such as Aonla, Pomegranate, Guava etc and vegetable cultivation such as Pea, Okra, Ridge-guard, Bottle-guard, Tomato, Potato, Green-maize, Green-gram, Pumpkin etc. which are sold at the farm-outlet kiosk. The other activities such as farm trials and seed production have also been taken up under alternate land use systems.

VBKVK has made a substantial effort towards mechanized farming and use of new interventions in the farm sector. These are good examples for the trainee farmers, farm-women and extension functionaries, who get detailed knowhow on the technical and financial aspects of these interventions from experts at VBKVK.

In the near future, Integrated Farming System modules (IFS) will be introduced in the Instructional Farm.

Crop Museum
Different improved varieties of Wheat, Maize and other crops are being demonstrated in the crop-museum at VBKVK farm. Farmers are able to see the performance of different varieties and choose the most suitable for their situation.

Rain Water Harvesting
VBKVK has rain-water harvesting system, which collects rain-water from the roof and re-charges the well in the premises.

Farmers enjoy the trip to the orchards of Aonla, Pomegranate and Guava, which is spread in a vast area at VBKVK. These orchards also demonstrate inter-cropping.

VBKVK maintains a hi-tech nursery, where saplings of fruit bearing and ornamental plants are developed and provided to the farmers. The nursery has mother plants of lemon too. It provides easy and timely improved quality and quantity plant materials to farming community. Also, it helps preserve the essential characters of plants for developing orchards in the region.

VBKVK caters to the demand for seeds and planting materials of the farmers. It produces various seeds of vegetables and planting materials. Besides this KVK also produces seedlings of vegetables, which are provided to the farmers.

Nursery has helped in generating self-employment capability among entrepreneurs in the farming community, which has resulted in the improvement of their economic condition.

VBKVK promots organic farming through its vermi-compost unit.

Vermicomposting is a simple biotechnological process of composting, in which certain species of earthworms (Eisenia fetida) are used to enhance the process of waste conversion and produce a better end product i.e. vermi cast. Vermi-composting or vermi-cast is an organic manure prepared from the bio-agro, city, kitchen wastes and cow dung by the earthworms and a rich source of plant nutrients. The vermi-culture technology has potential of nutrient supply in an environment friendly farming system.

In a simple method of preparing vermi-compost, the crop waste materials are mixed with fresh cow-dung. Water is sprinkled to keep 30% moisture in the mixture, which is kept for 10-15 days. The partial de-composition starts in the mixture. Thereafter, bed is prepared in a shed. The size of a bed is 3m. x 1m. x 0.3m. The bed is filled with partially de-composed mixture. Earthworms are introduced and the bed is covered with gunny bags/ mulch material. Water is sprinkled as per need to maintain the temperature at around 35oC. The earthworms start feeding on the mixture and within 45-60 days the material turns into dark brown vermi-cast.

The process of preparing vermi-compost is described in detail to the farmers, who get a hands-on experience too. Worms and vermi-compost are provided to farmers and other institutions.